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Table 3 Results of students’ general perceptions towards learning with ICT and SDPPT

From: Incorporating a smart classroom 2.0 Speech-Driven PowerPoint System (SDPPT) into university teaching

Scales Pre-Test M Post-Test M SD t p d
Attitudes toward ICT-Supported Learning (AICT-SL) 3.62 3.94 0.66 −3.26 0.002** 0.48
  Learning Motivation with ICT (LM-ICT) 3.29 3.92 1.20 −3.58 0.001*** 0.53
  Learning Effectiveness with ICT (LE-ICT) 3.66 3.83 0.72 −1.56 0.126a 0.23
  Speech-Driven PPT (SDPPT) 4.08 4.11 0.91 −0.24 0.810 0.04
  1. **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001; aMarginal significance.