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Table 1 Motivational Model of Using eSchoolbag to Learn English

From: The effect of academic motivation on students’ English learning achievement in the eSchoolbag-based learning environment

Component Definition
Attainment value The importance of using eSchoolbag to learn English subject
Intrinsic value The enjoyment for the students of using eSchoolbag to learn English or the students’ interest of using eSchoolbag to learn English
Utility value The usefulness of taking eSchoolbag as a mean to learn English
Cost The extent of students’ cognitive load when using eSchoolbag to learn English
  1. Revised from Wigfield & Eccles, 2000