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Table 2 Summarizes the teachers’ roles in SL environment observed in the schools visited during data collection

From: Transforming learning for the smart learning paradigm: lessons learned from the Palestinian initiative

Category Theme Subtheme  
Traditional Teachers Teachers who believes that technology does not have any impact on teachers and it converts the curriculum from text into visualization mode.
Innovative Teachers Instructional Roles Facilitator (Advisor) Give assistance and advice for students to finish their projects. Promote interactions among students, encourage participation, and facilitate discourses
Instructional Designer Use available resources to enrich the lesson activities/design activities individually/design team
Collaborators Collaborate with colleagues to design activities or share ideas with them
Team Teaching Teachers together set goals for a unit from curriculum to teach it with technology, prepare individual lesson plans, teach students, and evaluate the results.
Technological roles Trainer Support learners to use technologies/Modeling the use of technology to complete the project/provide support to students
Social Roles Communicators Support social interaction and
Creating friendly and comfortable social environment
Organizational roles Team coordinator Negotiating an agenda for learning activities; timetabling learning activities and tasks; clarifying procedural rules and decision-making norms.