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Table 7 Comparison of students’ perceptions of classroom environments for devices and PPT used

From: Evaluation of smart classroom from the perspective of infusing technology into pedagogy

Scale No devices used (n = 3069) Devices used in every class (n = 1235) Independent-samples t-test
Mean Mean t df Sig. (two-tailed)
Resource 2.417 3.876 −38.8 2355.598 .00
Environment 3.859 4.488 −22.928 3266.003 .00
Enhancement 2.248 4.038 −49.533 2247.529 .00
Management 3.665 4.395 −22.439 3076.391 .00
Presentation 3.338 4.341 −34.538 2938.64 .00