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Table 2 One-way repeated measures ANOVA comparing means across groups on the TIMSS-L

From: Implementing new technologies in a middle school curriculum: a rural perspective

   Pre-test Post-test   
N Mean SD Mean SD Sig Effect Size
Solenoid Unit Participants 69 3.88 1.243 4.39a 1.467 .023 .034
Contrast Participants 86 3.90 1.659 3.79 1.639   
  1. a-Follow-up t-tests indicate that Solenoid Unit participants have higher post-test scores when compared to their pre-test scores