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Table 3 Means and SD for MSLQ by campus location

From: Assessing motivation and learning strategy usage by dually enrolled students

MSLQ subscale name High school College campus Online campus College & high school High school & online College & online High school, college, and online
M SD M SD M SD M SD M SD M SD M SD
Intrinsic goal orientation 4.61 1.25 5.17 1.11 4.59 1.41 4.66 1.32 4.31 1.08 4.85 1.11 4.07 1.32
Extrinsic goal orientation 5.67 .999 5.76 1.46 5.70 .984 5.83 1.29 5.84 .783 5.84 1.06 5.33 1.20
Task value 4.89 1.38 5.54 1.23 4.10 1.50 5.44 1.37 4.95 1.05 5.02 1.28 4.32 1.29
Control of learning beliefs 5.00 1.18 5.76 .993 5.00 1.00 5.09 1.05 4.61 .866 5.15 1.00 4.80 1.19
Self-Efficacy for learning & performance 5.41 1.05 5.39 1.58 5.31 .914 5.54 1.17 5.44 .897 5.44 1.40 5.02 1.07
Test anxiety 4.79 1.27 4.24 1.41 5.07 1.03 4.14 1.66 4.59 1.31 5.04 1.11 4.31 1.35
Rehearsal 3.97 1.33 4.83 1.25 4.50 1.34 4.39 1.56 4.00 1.00 4.96 1.33 3.63 .952
Elaboration 4.29 1.19 4.56 1.32 4.83 1.31 4.58 1.21 4.03 1.10 4.79 1.31 3.69 .898
Organization 3.90 1.40 4.94 1.35 4.79 1.48 4.48 1.53 4.13 1.43 4.42 1.79 3.41 1.28
Critical thinking 4.15 1.09 4.62 1.10 4.52 1.23 4.07 1.13 3.92 .904 4.85 1.17 3.46 1.02
Metacognitive self-regulation 4.14 1.19 4.38 1.21 4.38 1.21 4.44 .996 4.29 1.18 4.00 .887 4.57 1.23
Time and study environment 4.80 1.06 4.71 1.03 4.42 .646 4.66 1.14 4.56 .652 4.73 .932 4.55 .594
Effort regulation 4.64 1.03 5.04 1.18 5.01 1.04 4.91 1.12 4.53 1.03 4.70 1.08 4.45 .805
Peer learning 4.09 1.11 4.50 1.34 3.92 1.22 3.98 1.17 4.06 1.06 4.54 1.50 3.57 1.30
Help seeking 4.31 1.15 4.43 1.32 4.16 1.33 4.26 .889 3.71 1.27 4.01 1.29 4.19 1.18