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Table 1 T-Test results: the critical P value < 0.05 level

From: Smart multimedia learning of ICT: role and impact on language learners’ writing fluency— YouTube online English learning resources as an example

  Paired-Samples T-Test Writing rate Number of error-free T. units per text Lexical diversity (VOCD) Lexical density Mean length of T. unit Number of clauses per T-unit Organization of ideas
Paired-samples statistics Baseline test: means (SD) 5.72 (2.09) 1.57 (2.24) 52.54 (19.96) 47.25 (4.59) 9.97 (1.95) 1.26 (0.32) 4.07 (1.07)
End line test: means (SD) 6.19 (1.66) 7.21 (6.14) 54.86
(15.11)
44.41 (2.75) 10.48 (2.22) 1.34 (0.28) 6.36 (1.28)
N 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Paired-samples test (paired differences) Mean 0.47 5.64 2.32 2.84 0.51 0.08 2.29
Std. Deviation 0.43 3.9 4.85 1.84 0.27 0.04 0.21
Std. Error Mean 0.11 1.04 1.29 0.49 0.07 0.01 0.05
P-value < 0.05 level .199 .000 .608 .015 .307 .354 .000
T.value = t13 1.353 4.623 0.526 2.816 1.063 0.960 8.000
df 13 13 13 13 13 13 13
  H0 rejected? No Yes No No No No Yes