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Table 5 The results of Mann-Whitney U tests of the learning performance

From: An augmented reality learning system for Japanese compound verbs: study of learning performance and cognitive load

Test Part Experimental group (n = 10) Control group (n = 11) |Z| p r
Mean Median Mean Median
Pre-test Part 1 11.20 11.50 12.36 11.00 1.12 0.282 0.24
Part 2 17.90 17.50 18.00 17.00 0.04 0.973 0.01
Total score 29.10 29.00 30.36 30.00 0.49 0.654 0.11
Post-test Part 1 14.20 14.50 13.91 14.00 0.49 0.654 0.11
Part 2 20.00 21.00 18.00 17.00 1.16 0.282 0.25
Total score 34.20 35.50 35.50 36.00 0.79 0.468 0.17
Delayed test Part 1 12.80 13.00 12.91 12.00 0.04 0.973 0.01
Part 2 19.10 18.50 20.09 22.00 0.47 0.641 0.10
Total score 31.90 32.00 33.00 35.00 0.64 0.557 0.14
  1. †p<.1, * p< .05, ** p < .01