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Table 4 Smart Education and Learning Frameworks

From: Smart education framework

Framework Framework focus Framework goal References
Smart education framework Essential elements of smart education and their attributes and roles in smart education According to this framework, the essential elements are teaching presence, learner presence, and technological presence. The goal of the framework is to identify the roles and attributes of essential elements in a smart education environment Zhu et al. (2016a)
ALECSO & ITU smart learning framework Combining smart learning program initiatives to form an international smart learning framework The goal of the framework is to combine various smart learning program initiatives to form an international smart learning effort and system. Three key dimensions in this framework are open learning, mobile technology, and cloud computing. The program initiatives are ALECSO Apps Store, ALECSO Apps Editor, ALECSO Apps Award, ALECSO Apps training programs, ALECSO Cloud Computing Project, Open Book Initiative, ALECSO OER project, ALECSO Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) Project Jemni and Khribi (2017)
Smart education framework Identifying the most suitable learning style via AI technology in a smart education environment The goal of the framework is to develop a system that identifies the most suitable learning style via AI for a specific student interacting with a virtual instructor on the cloud Bajaj and Sharma (2018)
Smart education framework Generic smart education design and categorization of information and communication technologies based on their role in smart education. The need for a coherent combination of new or improved learning and teaching methods with required ICTs The goal of the framework is to categorize information and communication technologies based on their role in smart education while stressing the importance of a coherent combination of new or improved learning and teaching methods with required ICTs. The smart education framework in couple with smart education design methodology helps in designing suitable smart education systems This study (2021)