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Table 2 Correlational analyses

From: The virtual COVID-19 classroom: surveying outcomes, individual differences, and technology use in college students

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 Grade   .43*** − .23* .50*** .23* − .35*** − .31** .06 − .02 .05 − .19 − .12
2 Satisfaction    − .12 .47*** .43*** − .31** − .30** .12 .02 − .12 − .35*** − .05
3 Isolation     − .19 − .10 .16 .43*** − .15 − .05 − .25* .10 .11
4 Engagement      .62*** − .50*** − .31** .32** .01 .07 − .16 − .07
5 Motivation       − .39*** − .07 .24* .10 − .19 − .14 .04
6 Procrastination        .37*** − .31** .08 .06 − .05 − .08
7 Stress         − .50*** − .01 − .04 .08 .11
8 Self-efficacy          .04 .05 .07  < .01
9 Laptop use           − .32** − .01 − .09
10 Smartphone use            − .01 .02
11 Difficulty             .52***
12 Effort             
  1. *p ≤ .05, **p ≤ .01, ***p ≤ .001