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Table 2 Instructional practices that support learners’ SRL and self-determined motivation

From: Self-regulated learning, self-determination theory and teacher candidates’ development of competency-based teaching practices

SD needs

Instructional practices that support SD motivation

Instructional practices that promote SRL


Minimize directives

Communicate flexible expectations

Provide choice

Provide rationales for tasks

Provide opportunities for students to take control of learning

Individualize expectations

Provide choice

Give students opportunities to select meaningful tasks


Encourage student involvement

Provide appropriately challenging activities

Provide ongoing scaffolding support for task engagement

Provide informative feedback

Establish familiar routines

Structure supports for participation

Provide appropriately challenging activities

Provide ongoing scaffolding for SRL

Provide informative feedback


Respond to students’ needs and interests

Sustain positive teacher and student interactions

Respond to students’ current interests and abilities

Provide individualized instruction

Offer teacher encouragement and opportunities for student collaboration