Skip to main content

Table 4 Descriptive Statistics

From: Investigating the effects of flipped vocabulary learning via an online dictionary on EFL learners' listening comprehension

Group N Min Max Mean SD Skewness Kurtosis
SE SE
Experimental
Pre-test. Vocab 30 38.00 47.00 41.4667 2.56949 .681 .427 −.793 .833
Post-test. Vocab 30 40.00 50.00 45.0667 2.21178 .258 .427 .637 .833
Pre-test. List 30 12.00 19.00 15.8667 1.92503 −.512 .427 −.719 .833
Post-test. List 30 15.00 20.00 17.6000 1.81184 −.024 .427 −1.252 .833
Valid N (listwise) 30         
Control
Pre-test. Vocab 30 36.00 49.00 41.1000 3.10006 .570 .427 .127 .833
Post-test. Vocab 30 38.00 50.00 43.6000 3.10284 .298 .427 −.430 .833
Pre-test. List 30 12.00 19.00 15.1667 1.91335 −.064 .427 −.902 .833
Post-test. List 30 15.00 20.00 18.8667 1.19578 −1.282 .427 2.263 .833
Valid N (listwise) 30