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Table 2 Grouping based on participants’ academic motivation

From: The effect of academic motivation on students’ English learning achievement in the eSchoolbag-based learning environment

Group Number Centroid
Attainment value Intrinsic Value Utility value Cost
High 36 4.7 4.5 4.1 1.5
Low 27 3.6 3.1 3.3 2.5