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Table 3 Results of Paired t-test and Descriptive Statistics for Learning Achievement

From: The effect of academic motivation on students’ English learning achievement in the eSchoolbag-based learning environment

  Pretest Posttest    
Learning Achievement M SD M SD t df Sig. (2-tailed)
  84.48 14.07 86.49 10.32 3.03 77 0.003**
  1. ** p < .01