Skip to main content


Table 2 How development of standard frameworks is positioned in relation to SLE

From: Standards for smart education – towards a development framework

Standards frameworks Level of smartness Data-driven? Pedagogical model
LTSA Pre SLE model No Content-driven
IMS Service layer model anticipating adaptive systems No N/A
OKI Service-oriented interfaces - a precondition for adaptive systems No Knowledge system view
JISC Service-oriented No, based on predefined metadata models Heterogeneous pedagogies afforded by the tools made available
ADL-TLA Self-organizing Yes Heterogeneous