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Table 2 OER initiatives in the Arab world

From: Current state of open educational resources in the Arab region: an investigation in 22 countries

Initiative categoryCountryInitiative
Creating open UniversitiesSudanOpen University of Sudan
PalestineAl-Quds Open University
Saudi ArabiaArab Open University
Developing OER repositories and MOOCs providersSaudi ArabiaShms repository (
Rwaq (
QatarQatar University institutional repository (
Bahrain“my digital library (مكتبتي الرقمية)
JordanEdraak (
EgyptSupercourse of Science
Digital Assets Repository (DAR) system at the Library of Alexandria
TunisiaVirtual University of Tunis
Launching OER regulationsBahrainThe Bahrain OER policy states as one of its objectives is ensuring that all the learning materials produced by teachers and students, by the Ministry of Education and supporting materials developed for teachers using public funds will adopt the CC-BYNC license.
The Open Data Platform in Bahrain is a governmental initiative launched to establish a unified centre, to make public data available to the public and develop a strategy for open data, in order to promote transparency and encourage e-participation.
MoroccoOpen Digital Space for the Mediterranean (e-Omed) project
GENIE programme, which incorporates OER, and the strategy adopted by the National Laboratory of Digital Resources of the Ministry of Education, where a reference to OER is presented in draft ministerial notes regarding validation and certification of digital resources that are in development
LebanonNotre Dame University-Louaize (NDU) University-wide Strategic Plan Vision 20/202015–2020, which calls for continuous training of faculty members and students on the use of OER in teaching and learning
SudanOpen University of Sudan provides 430 textbooks as open content
AlgeriaUniversity of Bejaia encourages staff and students to use, create and publish OERs
KuwaitTowards developing national OER policy
QatarTowards developing national OER policy
JordanMinistry of Education, in partnership with UNESCO, launched the Open Education Management Information System (EMIS) in 2016.
OmanNational OER Policy
Saudi ArabiaDeveloping national OER policy
Developing the OER ecosystem from the supply
The Saudi National OER program includes the following objectives: (1) offer quality education for Arab citizens in the region and develop OER leadership in the region; (2) provide educational opportunities for Arabic speakers; (3) contribute to the quality of lifelong education; (4) enhance the quality and accessibility of teaching and learning resources; (5) strengthen the coordination in design, development and quality assurance of OER; (6) establish the best open educational practices, products, and outstanding processes through self-evaluation and peer review.
Organizing e-learning trainings and OER seminars/workshops.MoroccoThe national OER Strategy Forum
TunisiaThe 1st International Open Educational Resources (OER) Seminar
LibyaInternational Libyan conference on open educational resources and digital warehouse
Saudi ArabiaOER Workshop 2014, Riyadh
About 1000 OER Champions are being trained from PE/HE/LLL across the country
LebanonOpen Education Week 2017
CC Summit 2015
OmanOpen Educational Resources Workshop at Higher College of Technology, 2017
EgyptOER National Strategy Forum, 2016