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Table 3 The LMS design criteria from Laudon and Laudon (2018)

From: An analysis of users’ preferences on learning management systems: a case on German versus Spanish students

Content Management (6 items) Ease of use (5 items) Communication within the LMS (4 items) Design (5 items)
▪ Uploading assignments
▪ Reviewing grade
▪ Accessing learning materials
▪ Comment feature
▪ Online whiteboard
▪ Private storage
▪ Allowing downloading multiple files
▪ Easy enrollment of subject
▪ Learning materials are available before lectures
▪ Integrated offline mod
▪ Calendar integration
▪ Chat system
▪ Discussion forum
▪ Survey feature
▪ Notifications
▪ Simple navigation structure
▪ Choose a personal design/layout
▪ Mark files/courses as favorite
▪ Language selection
▪ Allowing access through mobile application