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Table 5 The Mann-Whitney U tests results for the country variable

From: An analysis of users’ preferences on learning management systems: a case on German versus Spanish students

Design Dimension Design Items Mann-Whitney U p Country Mean Rank
Content Management Uploading assignments 2469.000 .001 Germany (n = 83) 95.25
Spain (n = 83) 71.75
Reviewing grade 2928.500 .085 Not significant
Accessing learning materials 1759.000 .000 Germany (n = 83) 103.81
Spain (n = 83) 63.19
Comment feature 2268.000 .000 Germany (n = 83) 69.33
Spain (n = 83) 97.67
Online whiteboard 1608.000 .000 Germany (n = 83) 61.37
Spain (n = 83) 105.63
Private storage 1799.500 .000 Germany (n = 83) 63.68
Spain (n = 83) 103.32
Ease of use Allowing downloading multiple files 3033.000 .167 Not significant
Easy enrollment of subject 2035.500 .000 Germany (n = 83) 66.52
Spain (n = 83) 100.48
Learning materials are available before lectures 2662.500 .009 Germany (n = 83) 92.92
Spain (n = 83) 74.08
Integrated offline mod 2265.000 .000 Germany (n = 83) 69.29
Spain (n = 83) 97.71
Calendar integration 1876.000 .000 Germany (n = 83) 64.60
Spain (n = 83) 102.40
Communication within the LMS Chat system 2322.500 .000 Germany (n = 83) 69.98
Spain (n = 83) 97.02
Discussion forum 2314.500 .000 Germany (n = 83) 69.89
Spain (n = 83) 97.11
Survey feature 2629.500 .005 Germany (n = 83) 73.68
Spain (n = 83) 93.32
Notifications 2180.000 .000 Germany (n = 83) 68.27
Spain (n = 83) 98.73
Design Simple navigation structure 2418.000 .001 Germany (n = 83) 95.87
Spain (n = 83) 71.13
Choose a personal design/layout 2015.000 .000 Germany (n = 83) 66.28
Spain (n = 83) 100.72
Mark files/courses as favorite 1888.000 .000 Germany (n = 83) 64.75
Spain (n = 83) 102.25
Language selection 3157.500 .342 Not significant
Allowing access through mobile application 3426.500 .953 Not significant