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Table 6 The Kruskal Wallis H tests results for the school year variable

From: An analysis of users’ preferences on learning management systems: a case on German versus Spanish students

Design Dimension Design Items χ2(4) p School Year n Mean Rank
Content Management Uploading assignments Not significant
Reviewing grade Not significant
Accessing learning materials Not significant
Comment feature 11.780 .019 freshman 44 100.26
sophomore 28 87.41
junior 24 76.88
senior 23 61.65
master 47 79.55
Online whiteboard 14.108 .007 freshman 44 102.36
sophomore 28 70.98
junior 24 66.52
senior 23 86.35
master 47 80.57
Private storage 10.341 .035 freshman 44 100.61
sophomore 28 77.20
junior 24 71.48
senior 23 79.33
master 47 79.41
Ease of use Allowing downloading multiple files 17.738 .001 freshman 44 104.56
sophomore 28 83.59
junior 24 57.52
senior 23 73.96
master 47 81.67
Easy enrollment of subject Not significant
Learning materials are available before lectures 10.781 .029 freshman 44 85.14
sophomore 28 66.91
junior 24 68.23
senior 23 87.20
master 47 97.84
Integrated offline mod Not significant
Calendar integration 11.774 .019 freshman 44 102.26
sophomore 28 73.88
junior 24 85.23
senior 23 73.17
master 47 75.84
Communication within the LMS Chat system Not significant
Discussion forum 15.135 .004 freshman 44 103.95
sophomore 28 73.18
junior 24 83.67
senior 23 86.57
master 47 68.91
Survey feature 11.756 .019 freshman 44 101.22
sophomore 28 80.14
junior 24 66.65
senior 23 71.39
master 47 83.45
Notifications 12.566 .014 freshman 44 103.43
sophomore 28 76.00
junior 24 68.98
senior 23 81.39
master 47 77.76
Design Simple navigation structure Not significant
Choose a personal design/layout 17.027 .002 freshman 44 105.68
sophomore 28 77.57
junior 24 81.33
senior 23 72.30
master 47 72.85
Mark files/courses as favorite 22.935 .000 freshman 44 108.78
sophomore 28 75.13
junior 24 84.46
senior 23 77.57
master 47 67.23
Language selection Not significant
Allowing access through mobile application Not significant