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Table 2 Outer loadings

From: An empirical study of Chinese students' behavioral intentions to adopt 5G for smart-learning in Covid-19

Items Mean Standard Deviation Factor loading values
MAA1: As far as I know, Smart-learning via 5G can provide text, audio and 3D video content 0.717 0.605 0.726
MAA2: As far as I know, Smart-learning via 5G can provide enriched updated and animated content 0.750 0.668 0.753
MAA3: As far as I know, I have the necessary resource required for smart-learning usage 0.788 0.709 0.785
MAA4: As far as I know, The appropriate ICT infrastructure is available for smart-learning usage 0.754 0.677 0.751
COA1: If I know about new information technology, I'd like to try it somehow 0.879 0.023 0.882
COA2: I'd like to be the first to use the services, functions and applications of smart learning devices 0.843 0.025 0.846
COA3: As far as I know, Smart-learning with 5G will be flexible and can help my major study 0.755 0.057 0.759
COA4: As far as I know, Using 5G smart-learning devices will be compatible with all aspects of my work 0.770 0.055 0.774
COA5: As far as I know, 5G devices for smart-learning will be more compatible compared with other devices 0.824 0.037 0.831
MEA1: As far as I know, I would like to adopt 5G for smart learning if my instructors encourage me to do so 0.794 0.663 0.796
MEA2: As far as I know, I would like to adopt 5G for smart learning if my family encourages me to do so 0.857 0.786 0.862
MEA3: As far as I know, I would like to adopt 5G for smart learning if my peer group does 0.865 0.808 0.868
MEA4: I consider the potential impact of my actions on society and the environment 0.741 0.568 0.762
MEA5: It is important to me that the products I use do not harm society 0.788 0.653 0.804
MEA6: I would describe myself as socially responsible 0.819 0.695 0.833
PU1: As far as I know, Using 5G for smart learning can be useful for my learning 0.932 0.903 0.915
PU2: As far as I know, Using 5G for smart learning would enable me to accomplish learning tasks more quickly 0.912 0.867 0.910
PU3: As far as I know, Using 5G for smart learning will connect learners to people, content, and resources 0.925 0.889 0.815
PEOU1: As far as I know, 5G for smart learning will be easy and can use anywhere 0.913 0.883 0.934
PEOU2: As far as I know, Interact with 5G for smart-learning will be clear and understandable for me 0.909 0.879 0.914
PEOU3: As far as I know, Using 5G for smart learning may not require much effort for me 0.809 0.703 0.927
UI1: As far as I know, I intend to use 5G for smart learning 0.926 0.895 0.928
UI2: As far as I know, I'll use 5G for smart learning in the future 0.930 0.900 0.933
UI3: As far as I know, Using 5G for smart learning will motivate other learners 0.923 0.888 0.925
  1. N = 375 (MAA = item 1,2,3,4 are of Material Access, COA = items 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 are of competences Access, MEA = items 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 are of Meaning Access, PU = items 1, 2, 3, 4, are of Perceived Usefulness, PEOU = items 1, 2, 3, 4 are of Perceived Ease of use and UI = items 1, 2, 3 are of Usage Intentions)