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Table 1 Means and standard deviations

From: The virtual COVID-19 classroom: surveying outcomes, individual differences, and technology use in college students

  Mean (SD) Scale range
Grade (% grade) 85.8% (11.8%) 0–100%
Satisfaction 4.11 (1.36) 0–6
Isolation felt 65.05 (28.96) 0–100
Engagement 3.41 (.59) 1–5
Motivation 4.90 (.71) 1–7
Procrastination 2.88 (.63) 1–5
Stress 2.25 (.72) 1–5
Self-efficacy 3.06 (.41) 1–4
Laptop use (% of time) 88.6% (20%) 0–100%
Smartphone use (% of time) 5.1% (9.2%) 0–100%
Difficulty 2.75 (1.22) 0–6
Effort 3.98 (1.14) 0–6